Municipal solid waste (MSW) (also called trash) consists of everyday items such as product packaging, yard trimmings, furniture, clothing, bottles and cans, food, newspapers, appliances, electronics and batteries.
What municipal waste includes?
It covers waste from households, including bulky waste, similar waste from commerce and trade, office buildings, institutions and small businesses, as well as yard and garden waste, street sweepings, the contents of litter containers, and market cleansing waste if managed as household waste.
What are the types of municipal solid waste?
Municipal solid waste (MSW) has been normally sorted into six categories, namely, food residue, wood waste, paper, textiles, plastics, and rubber.
What is solid industrial waste?
Industrial solid waste includes different kinds of materials like paper, plastic, wood, cardboard, packaging materials, scrap metal, and every other solid waste that can no longer fulfill its intended purpose.
What are the characteristics of municipal waste?
The characteristics of fresh municipal solid waste (MSW) are critical in planning, designing, operating or upgrading solid waste management systems. Physical composition, moisture content, compacted unit weight, permeability are the most important MSW characteristics to be considered in planning a system.
How is municipal solid waste disposed?
Common management methods include recycling, composting, combustion with energy recovery and landfilling. Many wastes that are landfilled represent a loss of materials that could be reused, recycled or converted to energy to displace the use of virgin materials.
What does industrial waste consist of?
Industrial waste is defined as waste generated by manufacturing or industrial processes. The types of industrial waste generated include cafeteria garbage, dirt and gravel, masonry and concrete, scrap metals, trash, oil, solvents, chemicals, weed grass and trees, wood and scrap lumber, and similar wastes.
Which components are included industrial solid waste?
Types of industrial waste include dirt and gravel, masonry and concrete, scrap metal, oil, solvents, chemicals, scrap lumber, even vegetable matter from restaurants. Industrial waste may be solid, semi-solid or liquid in form. It may be hazardous waste (some types of which are toxic) or non-hazardous waste.
What does industrial wastewater contain?
Fossil-fuel power stations, particularly coal-fired plants, are a major source of industrial wastewater. Many of these plants discharge wastewater with significant levels of metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium and chromium, as well as arsenic, selenium and nitrogen compounds (nitrates and nitrites).
What are the physical and chemical composition of municipal solid waste?
The major components of municipal waste include food waste, glass, metals, can, debris, bricks, boards, leaves, paper, dirt and ashes, chemical composition found in the solid wastes showed high moisture content, high ash and inorganic contents and comparatively low nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
Which of the solid waste describe the term municipal solid waste?
Explanation: The term ‘municipal Solid Waste’ is generally used to describe most of the non-hazardous solid waste from a city, town or village that requires routine collection and transport to a processing or disposal site.
What is sampling of solid waste?
The individual components are separated, stored in bins and weighed. The weights are then expressed as a percent of the original sample. The density of the material is measured. The physical analysis is on a wet weight basis which helps in choosing the system for collection and processing.