Question: Why is there more biodiversity in the tropics?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

Why biodiversity is rich in the tropics?

– Tropical latitudes produce more solar power than temperate zones, resulting in high productivity and high diversity of biodiversity. – There are fewer seasonal changes in tropical regions and they have a more or less stable climate. This encourages the specialization of the niche and hence the high wealth of animals.

Why do tropical forests have so much biodiversity?

the hot and wet climate provides ideal conditions for many species of plants and animals to thrive. nutrients are rapidly recycled speeding up plant growth, providing producers with food, which in turn are consumed by primary consumers.

Why are most biodiversity hotspots located in the tropics?

Researchers argue that tropical species form faster in harsh species-poor areas but accumulate in climatically moderate areas to form hotspots of species diversity. … This phenomenon, known as the latitudinal gradient of species diversity, has helped define the tropics as home to most of the world’s biodiversity.

INTERESTING:  What are the main factors that affect the climate of Asia?

Why biodiversity is more in tropic region as compared to temperate region?

It is generally seen that there is more biodiversity in the tropical region than the temperate region because of a variety of factors: … The tropical forest has a stable ecosystem as well as a suitable climatic condition and favorable reproductive environment for animal and species to thrive.

Why is there more biodiversity near the equator?

There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.

Why are the tropics more diverse than temperate deciduous forests?

Why are the tropics more diverse than temperate deciduous forests? Ample sunlight, consistently warm temperatures and frequent, abundant precipitation — all plentiful in tropical rainforests — tend to produce highest biodiversity among ecosystems.

What is the biodiversity of a tropical rainforest?

Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.

Why is the biodiversity of a tropical rainforest very high quizlet?

Biodiversity is high because the warm and wet consistent climate in tropical rainforests is able to sustain life in all different forms. Soil nutrient is poor in tropical rain forests because the sunlight that is intended to reach the floor of the tropical forest is blocked by the tall and dense trees.

INTERESTING:  Is recycling a sustainable solution?

Why is biodiversity important to ecosystems?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. … Our tourism industry also depends on biodiversity .

Why is biodiversity hotspots important?

Why is biodiversity important? All organisms have a role in ecosystems. If a species is removed, the important function they have in an ecosystem is lost. If diversity is high, it is more likely that there is another species in an ecosystem that can perform that function.

Why temperate regions have less biodiversity?

What is the reason for this difference? Tropical and temperate areas have seen different rates and timing of habitat loss. The major cause of biodiversity loss in recent times is habitat destruction and degradation. … Temperate areas had already lost over half their broadleaf forests by 1950.

Which region has more biodiversity?

Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.