Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
What are the most biodiverse ecosystems?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.
What is one of the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth?
Tropical forests are some of the most diverse ecosystems on earth. They are home to millions of well-known species, and millions more that are still undiscovered. There are flowers, plants, grasses, birds, insects, and fish.
Where are the 3 most biodiverse places on Earth?
5 of the Most Biodiverse Countries in the World
- Brazil. Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home. …
- China. …
- Peru. …
- Mexico. …
What is the 2nd most diverse ecosystem?
Tropical forests contain half of all biodiversity on Earth. very nearly every kind of organism. For comparison sake, the world’s second most diverse ecosystems, Coral Reefs, contain roughly 6% of Earth’s biodiversity.
Is the ocean the most biodiverse place on Earth?
In fact, 80 percent of life on Earth is found in the ocean, spread across countless ecosystems throughout millions of square miles covering Earth’s surface. The ocean is amazingly diverse. … Biodiversity refers to variation among living things within an ecosystem.
What is the least biodiverse country on Earth?
A new analysis looking into how much biodiversity is left in different countries around the world has shown that the UK has some of the lowest amounts of biodiversity remaining.
Where are the least biodiverse ecosystems found on Earth?
The arctic regions of the world have the least biodiversity because plants don’t survive in the extreme cold and ice that cover these regions year-round. However, life does exist in the arctic regions, mostly affiliated with the seas that surround them.
Is the Amazon the most biodiverse place on Earth?
As an ecosystem, the Amazon is one of the most biodiverse places on earth. Over 3 million species live in the rainforest, and over 2,500 tree species (or one-third of all tropical trees that exist on earth) help to create and sustain this vibrant ecosystem.
What is the most diverse forest in the world?
The Amazon Rainforest
It is the most biologically diverse forest in the world. About 10% of the world’s species of plant and animal can be found living somewhere in the Amazon Rainforest. This rainforest is also one of the most important forests in the world for climate stabilization.
What parts of the Earth have the greatest biodiversity?
The area on Earth considered to have the greatest biodiversity is the Tropical Andes region covering 1,258,000 km² (485,716 miles²) and running through Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and a small area of northern Argentina.