Environmental exposures, such as air pollution, water pollution, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, persistent organic pollutants, metals, ultraviolet radiation, and exposures to nature have been shown to influence mortality and the incidence and severity of many chronic diseases.
How do environmental factors cause disease?
A number of specific environmental issues can impede human health and wellness. These issues include chemical pollution, air pollution, climate change, disease-causing microbes, lack of access to health care, poor infrastructure, and poor water quality.
What are the 3 main factors that lead to chronic diseases?
Many chronic diseases are caused by a short list of risk behaviors:
- Tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke.
- Poor nutrition, including diets low in fruits and vegetables and high in sodium and saturated fats.
- Lack of physical activity.
- Excessive alcohol use.
What are 5 leading factors of chronic disease?
Chronic Disease Risk Factors
- tobacco use.
- the harmful use of alcohol.
- raised blood pressure (or hypertension)
- physical inactivity.
- raised cholesterol.
- unhealthy diet.
- raised blood glucose.
What are the 4 leading causes of chronic disease?
The CDC identifies four main preventable risk factors in contributing to chronic disease: tobacco use, poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, and alcohol use. As a physician, it’s important to keep an eye on trends in these risk factors, in addition to counseling your patients on prevention.
What are the diseases caused by environmental issues?
Examples include: Chemicals in cigarettes are known to cause lung cancer. Exposure to asbestos, an insulating material found in some older buildings, can cause tumors, lung cancer, and other diseases. Wood-burning stoves and poorly vented gas ranges can produce smoke or gases that can cause breathing problems.
How many diseases are caused by environmental factors?
Environmental risk factors, such as air, water and soil pollution, chemical exposures, climate change, and ultraviolet radiation, contribute to more than 100 diseases and injuries.
What are the 6 leading risk factors of chronic disease?
Risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, cholesterol, obesity, physical inactivity and diabetes are common to many of these chronic diseases. Primary prevention of even a few of these factors could result in an increase in disability-free years and ultimately, a reduction in health care costs [7–9].
What risk factors to chronic and infectious diseases have in common?
These risk factors are modifiable and the same in men and women: unhealthy diet; physical inactivity; tobacco use. These causes are expressed through the intermediate risk factors of raised blood pressure, raised glucose levels, abnormal blood lipids, overweight and obesity.
Which of the following disease is not chronic disease?
The correct answer is Common cold and fever.
What are the 7 most common chronic diseases?
Chronic Diseases and Conditions
- Eating Disorders.
- Heart Disease.
- Oral Health.
- Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD) Syndrome.
- Tobacco Use and Related Conditions.
What is the most common chronic disease?
Common chronic illnesses
- heart disease.
- lung cancer.
- colorectal cancer.
- type 2 diabetes.
What are some of the commonly Recognised causes of disease?
- Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
- Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
- Fungi. …
Which of the following is an example of a chronic disease?
The most common types of chronic disease are cancer, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and arthritis.
What are the six essential elements of the chronic care model?
The Chronic Care Model includes six essential elements of a health care system that when integrated encourage high-quality chronic disease care:
- Community resources.
- Health system.
- Self-management support.
- Delivery system design.
- Decision support.
- Clinical information systems.
What is a risk factor for a disease?
A risk factor is a characteristic, condition, or behaviour that increases the likelihood of getting a disease or injury. Risk factors are often presented individually, however in practice they do not occur alone. They often coexist and interact with one another.