Researchers have found the island of New Guinea is home to more than 13,000 plant species. This means it has the greatest plant diversity of any island in the world. 68% of these plants are endemic to New Guinea.
Which location would likely have the highest biodiversity?
Tropical forests have the highest biodiversity and primary productivity of any of the terrestrial biomes.
Why are islands high in biodiversity?
Islands are often considered biodiversity hotspots due to the variety of species that have evolved to thrive on these remote pieces of land. … The features of island living have led to a high number of endemic species, meaning these species are found nowhere else in the world.
Which location would likely have the highest biodiversity quizlet?
Large ecosystems always have higher biodiversity than smaller ecosystems. A large area of a forest will likely have higher biodiversity than a smaller area of the same forest. A half acre of rainforest would likely have greater biodiversity than a full acre of desert. Small ecosystems always have low biodiversity.
What area has the highest biodiversity quizlet?
Which biome has the most biodiversity? the rainforest because it is located near the equator and has a perfect climate for a variety of organisms.
Which island will have the highest species richness based on the theory of island biogeography?
According to island biogeography theory, the highest numbers of species would be found on islands that: are large in size and near to continents. According to the “distance effect,” between two islands of the same size, immigration rates will: be greater on the island that is closer to the mainland.
What is the biodiversity of the Galapagos Islands?
The Galapagos Islands are home to some of the highest levels of endemism (species found nowhere else on earth) anywhere on the planet. About 80% of the land birds you will see, 97% of the reptiles and land mammals, and more than 30% of the plants are endemic.
Which island is known as the island of species?
A common example is the assemblage of finch species documented by Charles Darwin in the Galapagos Islands. Darwin’s finches exhibited adaptive radiation by evolving different beak sizes to exploit the diversity of seeds present on the different islands.
Which location would likely have the lowest level of biodiversity?
The arctic regions of the world have the least biodiversity because plants don’t survive in the extreme cold and ice that cover these regions year-round. However, life does exist in the arctic regions, mostly affiliated with the seas that surround them.
Which ecosystem likely has the lowest species diversity?
Low species diversity :
The tundra biome has the least biodiversity, but the northern coniferous biome also has low species diversity.
Which of the following is most likely to cause a decrease in biodiversity?
Biodiversity loss is caused by five primary drivers: habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation (extreme hunting and fishing pressure), pollution, climate change associated with global warming. In each case, human beings and their activities play direct roles.
Which terrestrial biome has the highest diversity of species quizlet?
Terms in this set (12)
- Tropical Rain forest. Biome that has the highest animal and plant diversity.
- Tropical seasonal forest. Biome with high animal density and medium plant diversity.
- Tropical coniferous forest. …
- Tropical savanna. …
- Desert. …
- Chaparral. …
- Temperate grassland. …
- Temperate deciduous forest.
Why does the tropical rainforest have the most biodiversity?
Explanation: The high species richness or biodiversity found in tropical rain forests is mainly due to their geographic location and the amount of precipitation they receive. Tropical rainforests fall along the equator and receive a large amount of precipitation.
Is there more biodiversity at the equator or pole?
Having more energy available in this area means more consumers can be supported. That the are is relatively stable in terms of environment when compared to polar regions has also been suggested as a reason for increased biodiversity at the equator. This stability has meant species are less likely to go extinct.