When was most of the significant environmental legislation in the United States passed quizlet?

However, most current major environmental statutes, such as the federal statutes listed above, were passed during the modern environmental movement spanning the late 1960s through the early 1980s.

When was most of the significant environmental legislation in the United States passed?

Most current major environmental statutes were passed in a timeframe from the late 1960s through the early 1980s. On 1 January 1970, President Richard Nixon signed the National Environmental Policy Act (or NEPA), beginning the 1970s as the environmental decade.

What environmental legislation was passed in the 1960s?

Congress passed laws that served as significant precedents for future legislative action on pollution issues—for instance, the Clean Air Acts of 1963 and 1967, the Clean Water Act of 1960, and the Water Quality Act of 1965. During the 1960s, environmentalism became a mass social movement.

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Why 1970 was an important year in terms of the US & environmental policy?

The Clean Air Act amendments of 1970 (CAA) and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act amendments of 1972 (Clean Water Act) moved environmental concerns in a new direction. The new CAA standards that were to be promulgated were unattainable with existing technology—they were technology-forcing.

Why was the 1990 Clean Air Act amended?

Bush. Specifically the amendments were designed to curb four major threats to the environment and to the health of millions of Americans: acid rain, urban air pollution, toxic air emissions, and stratospheric ozone depletion.

How was the environment in the 1980s?

Acid rain was one of the defining environmental issues of the 1980s, causing acid deposition in streams and rivers, making them uninhabitable for many species. But with increasing efforts to clean up sources of acid rain, acidity levels in the water had been steadily dropping.

What acts were passed in 1970?

The laws are:

  • Marine Mammal Protection Act;
  • Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act;
  • Coastal Zone Management Act;
  • Endangered Species Act; and.
  • Fishery Conservation and Management Act.

How was the environment in the 1960s?

In the 1960s, the US did not yet have strong air quality standards, and the emissions of automobiles and industries polluted the air, sometimes resulting in deadly smog. … Stamp Out Smog and other groups did more than protest—they lobbied city and state officials.

What year was the National Environmental Policy Act passed?

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) was signed into law on January 1, 1970. NEPA requires federal agencies to assess the environmental effects of their proposed actions prior to making decisions.

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Who led the environmental movement in the 60s?

The campaign was led by a senator from Wisconsin called Gaylord Nelson, and organised from a temporary office in Washington DC staffed by college students, many already veterans of protest campaigns of the 1960s, including the civil rights movement.

Why were the 1970s known as the environmental Decade?

One reason for this was the absence of effective environmental enforcement law. The few laws that did exist to protect the environment either failed to provide substantive protection or were unenforced. … These ushered in what became known as the “Environmental Decade,” symbolized by the first Earth Day in 1970.

What were the two main environmental acts of the 1970s?

Over the next decade, a flurry of science-based legislation aimed at protecting the planet was introduced — a legislative heyday for environmentalists that included the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency in 1970, passage of the Clean Air Act in 1970, the Clean Water Act in 1972 and the Endangered Species …

What 3 major laws resulted from Earth Day 1970?

In the ten years since 1970 much of the basic legislation needed to protect the environment has been enacted into law:

  • the Clean Air Act,
  • the Water Quality Improvement Act,
  • the Water Pollution and Control Act Amendments,
  • the Resource Recovery Act,
  • the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act,

What was the significance of the Clean Air Act of 1970 quizlet?

Clean Air Act of 1970-authorized the development of comprehensive federal and state regulations to limit emissions from both stationary sources and mobile sources.

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What led to the Clean Air Act of 1970?

Dense, visible smog in many of the nation’s cities and industrial centers helped to prompt passage of the 1970 legislation at the height of the national environmental movement.

Is the Clean Air Act still in effect 2021?

On Sept. 30, 2021, EPA withdrew an October 2020 Trump administration guidance document, which allowed certain exemptions for SSM emissions from larger sources.